Lunda Construction Company Employee Orientation
Responsibility of Site Safety and Conduct
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- Employee and Job Site Personnel
As an employee or person on this project, you have a moral responsibility to yourself, your fellow workers,
and to the other persons on this project to see that the operations within your care, custody, and control are
carried out and left in a safe manner. Compliance with all safety rules and regulations is essential and is the
responsibility of all employees. Lunda Construction Company reserves the right and/or authority to stop any unsafe
work activity that is regulated by OSHA Safety and Health Standards 29 CFR 1926-1910 or Lunda Construction Company Employee Safety Manual.
- Employer and Subcontractors
All subcontractors on this project shall be responsible for the safety of their employees, their suppliers and their subcontractors. All employers must comply with and enforce all local, state and federal rules, guidelines and standards on safety in the operations within their control and within the scope of their work. This includes but is not limited to, the site safety plan, Lunda Construction safe operating procedures, and all safety procedures designated within the project contractual agreements.
All employers shall be responsible for furnishing first-aid supplies, first aid trained personnel, and making medical and ambulance services available for their own employees.
All employers shall be responsible for the training of their own employees in recognizing unsafe conditions and avoiding unsafe acts relating to their work.
All employers will be responsible for conducting weekly safety meetings with their own employees and recording the topics discussed at these meetings, including the names of those personnel in attendance.
Employee Violations Policy
The following rules of employment are presented as a guide only and are not intended to be exhaustive. Violation of any of these rules will subject an employee to discipline up to and including discharge.
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- Violation of any safety and/or health rule or procedure contained in this manual or otherwise mandated by public statutes, rules, orders, and ordinances including, but not limited to, OSHA, FRA, and DOT standards.
- Violation of Lunda Construction Company’s Drug and Alcohol Policy.
- Theft, attempted theft or unauthorized removal or possession of company property.
- Fighting or threatening violence in the work place, including but not limited to, the possession of firearms in the work place.
- Insubordination or other disrespectful conduct.
- Horseplay or other disruptive activity in the work place.
- Sexual or other unlawful forms of harassment or discriminatory conduct.
- Excessive absenteeism or any unauthorized absence from work.
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- Each employee shall report immediately to his supervisor. All accidents and injuries, no matter how minor they seem, shall be reported immediately. Lunda Construction Company employees must report to the Project Manager or his designated representative.
- Property damage accidents shall be reported in writing immediately. Employees directly or indirectly involved in an accident which causes $1,000.00 or more in property or equipment damage may be tested for the presence of alcohol, marijuana, illegally obtained drugs, narcotics, or controlled substances, pursuant to Lunda Construction Drug and Alcohol Testing Policy. Depending on the nature and severity of the accident, the accident may be investigated by an accident investigation team.
- Liability damage accidents shall be reported in writing immediately. Employees directly or indirectly involved in an accident which causes a personal injury may be tested for the presence of alcohol, marijuana, illegally obtained drugs, narcotics, or controlled substances, pursuant to Lunda’s Drug and Alcohol Testing Policy. Depending on the nature and severity of the accident, the accident may be investigated by an accident investigation team.
- Project access is limited exclusively only to Lunda personnel, subcontractor and supplier personnel. All other personnel desiring access to the project must secure written authorization from the Plan Administrator or the Project Supervisor. Unauthorized personnel on the project will be considered trespassers and are in violation of State law and will be subject to prosecution.
- All open excavations, stockpiled material and other hazardous job site activities, shall be fenced and proper warning signage postings displayed at all times. This project may be adjacent to many private residences; therefore, children and other individuals must be protected from endangering themselves to any potential injuries.
- Job Site Sanitation - Standard portable chemical toilets will be provided at designated locations onsite.
- Portable containers used to dispense drinking water and a supply of disposable drinking cups are to be made available to all employees by their employer near the work areas.
- First-Aid supplies should be made available to all employees by their employer. Lunda Construction Company maintains approved company first-aid kits in all company pick-up trucks and in the project field office.
- Project housekeeping should be maintained in good order by all employees. Material, tools and equipment shall be neatly organized on a daily basis. Tool trailers and field offices shall be kept clean and orderly. Scrap material shall be removed from the project and dumped in an approved disposal site as often as necessary to assure a neat and orderly project site.
- The Project Safety Manual and Safety Regulations to be followed for safety rules applying to various work duties within Lunda Construction projects will be a combinations of the following documents:
- Lunda Construction Company
- Employee Safety Program Manual
- OSHA Safety & Health
- Standards for the Construction Industry
- (29 CFR 1926-1910) 8/1/91
The OSHA Inspection Policy - In the event of an inspection, all employers will be asked to join the walk-around. This policy has been developed to assure immediate abatement of all apparent violations, as well as to allow all employees the opportunity to be represented on the inspection. Remember, safety of all employees is our primary objective.
In order to avoid vandalism, the same lock-up procedure shall be followed: Metal covers shall be placed on equipment windows at night.
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General Employee Worksite Requirements
Employee Personal Protective Equipment Conduct and Expectations
It is recognized that each Lunda Construction project has special and unique situations that require special requirements and consideration. However, the following are general safety requirements that employees are required to follow, per OSHA regulations:
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- Hard hats will be worn by all personnel on this project at all times. No exceptions to this requirement will be allowed.
- Reflective traffic vests must be worn by all personnel on this project.
- Hearing protection must be worn by all personnel working with or around operations and equipment that produce loud noise. This includes pile driving, jack hammering, operating heavy equipment and all other noisy operations.
- Safety glasses are mandatory per OSHA requirements.
- Fall prevention and protection: The use of static lines, safety harness and lanyards or other proper fall protection equipment will be mandatory on projects with unguarded work areas at heights of 6 feet or more. Static lines will be secured to structural members before erection. Safety harnesses and lanyard or retractable usage on the pier caps will also be required.
- Clothing must be worn that protects employees from injury and does not distract passing motor vehicle operators. This means shorts, sandals, working without a shirt, etc., are not allowed.
- Protective Footwear will comply with ANSI-Z40 (steel-toed safety shoes).
Employee Job Safety Rules
- Personal Protective Equipment:
- Hard hats and eye protection are mandatory at all times.
- Goggles or face shields are needed when drilling, burning, chipping, grinding, sawing, grouting, and while otherwise required by your foreman. Welding helmets are mandatory for all arc welders. Respiratory equipment, ear plugs, life jackets and life lines shall be worn as required. Life jackets and work vests will be worn zipped and buckled at all times.
- Gloves are to be worn when handling material with sharp edges, when material is hot and as directed by your foreman. Finger rings, wristwatches and dangling jewelry are a constant hazard and all workers should remove them while working. Loose clothing and chains are not to be worn while working and loose long hair is to be safely and adequately contained.
- Shirts are to be worn by all personnel while on the jobsite. No ties, loose or ragged clothing are permitted.
- Know where fire extinguishers, telephones, radio, and first-aid kits are located and how to use them in emergencies. Review the posted Emergency Procedures.
- REPORT ALL ACCIDENTS, INJURIES AND UNSAFE CONDITIONS TO YOUR FOREMAN IMMEDIATELY.
- Keep your work place clean. Good housekeeping promotes safe and efficient work. Do not allow trash, scrap, or boards with protruding nails, to lie in your work area. ; Keep walkways, exits, stairs and landings clear.
Learn the SAFE WAY to do your job before you start.
Violation of any of the following items will subject you to automatic suspension, subject to discharge:
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- Violation of Lunda Construction Company’s Drug and Alcohol Policy which includes, but is not limited to, coming to the project site or attempting to work while under the influence or in possession of alcohol, marijuana, or controlled substances.
- Fighting or provoking a fight.
- Horseplay in any form – scuffling, pranks, wrestling, throwing material, etc.
Expected Employee Conduct
Tools, Equipment and Materials
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- Check all vehicles and equipment before use to assure they are in proper operating order.
- Hand tools, such as hammers, punches, picks and chisels shall be inspected for faulty handles or mushroomed heads prior to the start of each job and shall be re-inspected at weekly intervals throughout the term of the job.
- Cables, ropes, chains, shackles and all other lifting equipment shall be checked each day. Worn or frayed items are to be replaced or repaired at once.
- All electrical equipment must be grounded. Three-pronged plugs and receptacles are required on extension equipment cords. The Assured Grounding Protection Program is to be practiced.
- Use safety guards provided. The source of power must be disconnected whenever it is necessary to repair or adjust a piece of electrical equipment. It is not sufficient to merely turn off the operating button of the equipment. Lockout/Tagout procedures must be followed. NOTE: Only authorized personnel are to repair electrical equipment.
- All wires within 10 feet of the apex, roof, sides or corners of a building or a fully-extended crane must be moved, shielded, or de-energized until such time as the possibility of touching these wires is eliminated.
- Ground Fault Circuit Interrupt (GFCI) devices shall be used whenever temporary power is required. These devices are to be tested daily, along with the power cords/tools, per Assured Grounding – OSHA requirements.
- Gasoline may be handled or stored only in approved cans. All internal combustion engines must be shut off and cooled before fueling, oiling, cleaning or adjusting. Check oil when refueling. Do not use gas for cleaning parts and tools.
- Oxygen and acetylene equipment is to only be used by qualified and authorized personnel. Cylinders shall be secured upright at all times to keep oil away from oxygen fittings (with caps on when not in use). Watch out for nearby-combustibles and keep bottles shielded or 25-feet from welding or cutting operations.
- Compressed air hoses should never be pointed at yourself or anyone else. Compressed air must be used for the prescribed operations only, with pressures kept as low as possible in order to do the job adequately. Compressed air will not be used for blowing dirt from hands, face, or clothing unless the hose is equipped with an air flow restrictor, set to 30# or less.
- Materials or equipment being transported by truck must be loaded, cinched and flagged in a manner consistent with good loading and transporting practices. The truck shall be driven only by authorized employees holding a valid and authorized license.
- Stay out from under and in front of loads on cranes, front-end loaders, backhoes, etc. Do not cause or permit a load to be carried over a person who is working and unaware of it or unable to get clear of it.
- Do not attempt to lift or move objects that are too heavy for you to lift alone – ASK FOR HELP!
Lunda Construction Company Safety Operations Programming
Assured Equipment Grounding Conductor Program
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- It is the policy of this company to establish and implement an assured equipment grounding conductor program on construction sites covering all cord sets, receptacles which are not a part of the permanent wiring of the building or structure and equipment connected by cord and plug which are available for use or used by employees. This policy shall apply to all construction sites not equipped with ground fault circuit interrupters, in accordance with OSHA Standards 1926.404(b)(i)(iii).
- A competent person shall be designated to implement the assured equipment grounding conductor program: 1926.32 (f) defines competent person as one who is capable of identifying existing and predictable hazards in the surrounding or working conditions which are unsanitary, hazardous or dangerous to employees, and who is authorized to take prompt corrective measures to eliminate them.
- The person(s) designated in Paragraph II will be responsible for the following:
Each cord set, attachment cap, plug and receptacle of cord sets and any equipment connected by cord and plug, except cord sets and receptacles which are fixed and not exposed to damage, shall be visually inspected before each day’s use for external defects, such as deformed or missing pins or insulation damage, and for indication of possible internal damage. Equipment found damaged or defective may not be used until repaired.
- The person(s) designated in Paragraph II is responsible for tests on all cord sets, receptacles which are not a part of the permanent wiring of the building or structure, and cord and plug connected required to be grounded. Tests shall be documented by color coding. Equipment that does not meet prescribed tests shall not be put into service. The following tests shall be performed:
- All equipment grounding conductors shall be tested for continuity and shall be electrically continuous.
- Each receptacle and attachment cap or plug shall be tested for correct attachment of the equipment grounding conductor. The equipment grounding shall be connected to its proper terminal.
- In accordance with OSHA Construction Safety and Health Standards 1926.21 Safety Training and Education, person(s) designated in Paragraph II shall attend such training sessions as the company may deem necessary.
Waste Oil Handling Policy
To All Lunda Construction Company Employees:
This company prides itself and has a tradition of responding to the needs of the environment. In this light, and in order to comply with federal and state regulations, it is required that all fluids drained from equipment or used in repair, maintenance and processes of construction of Lunda Construction Company be collected, stored and disposed of in a proper manner.
All fluids drained from equipment or used in the repair and maintenance of Lunda property and equipment is to be collected into cleaned and separate containers. All reasonable efforts are to be used to prevent the contamination of the environment by dumping, burying, burning or any other unauthorized methods of disposal.
The types of fluids Lunda Construction most often deals with are oils or anti-freeze, but also include paints, thinners, greases, and other like materials. Oils include transmission and brake fluids, engine, bearing, hydraulic, gear and electrical oils. At this point, these are not considered hazardous waste, but must be treated as a hazardous material. This means that they must be stored in separate containers and disposed of in a proper manner.
Most hazardous wastes produced by the construction industry fall into three main categories:
- Ignitable Wastes (painting and cleaning materials)
- Solvents (painting, cleaning, degreasing materials)
- Acids/Bases (cleaning and degreasing materials)
The waste oils drained from equipment can be presumed to be primarily free of contamination. If, however, something is mixed in your waste oil container or there is an equipment malfunction that could result in your oil being contaminated, do not mix this contaminated oil with uncontaminated oil. Immediately inform your supervisor and/or the Safety Director of the contamination and what kind it is. Put the contaminated material in a separate container and label the container, listing each separate contaminant.
Waste oil containers in the field shall be marked “Used Oil” while being used on-site and prior to being hauled on the road. If the container is used for contaminated materials or hazardous waste, other labels are provided by the Safety Director.
In the shops and fixed plants, hazardous materials or oil suspected of being contaminated must be contained separately and labeled appropriately. All materials must be tested before they can be collected by a licensed recycler or treatment facility. Contact the Safety Director for information on this procedure.
Other types of waste, such as anti-freeze or paint thinner, must be contained in separate containers and labeled appropriately. DO NOT MIX different wastes.
Because oil is not considered hazardous waste, Lunda Construction will collect and recycle.
Barrels and other containers of waste oil should be sent to the regional yard. Barrels are to be left upright, on the rack provided. Containers of anti-freeze or other types of waste should be reported to the Truck Shop Supervisor.
We feel that the above-mentioned materials are the primary types of waste that Lunda Construction Company generates. If you have any questions about generated waste or the methods of disposal, contact your Safety Director before disposing of it.
Your cooperation is needed and appreciated in this matter.
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Fall Protection Plan
In the construction industry, every year there are thousands of workers injured and millions of dollars lost due to falls from elevations. Lunda Construction Company recognizes the seriousness of these matters, and in our commitment to providing a safe and healthful work environment, has developed the following Fall Protection Plan to assist in eliminating the hazards of falls from elevations.
The Lunda Fall Protection Plan is based on the concept that ALL individuals involved with a Lunda Project follow the three principles of the plan: Elimination, Prevention and Controlling. The following paragraphs describe these principles in detail:
- Elimination – Eliminating fall hazards is the best approach and is the first consideration when planning fall protection safety into a project. By planning out job tasks and work operations, some fall hazards can be eliminated.
- Prevention – Preventing individuals from falling is the next step of the plan, and is used only after it has been determined that a fall hazard cannot be eliminated. This step requires that the fall hazard is controlled by engineering means such as scaffolding with handrails.
- Controlling – Controlling falls is the last resource to be used in the fall protection plan. Unfortunately, not all fall hazards can be eliminated or prevented, so it then becomes essential that they are controlled. By using approved personal fall protection equipment, ALL individuals working on Lunda projects have the ability to control their exposure to a fall hazard.
The following areas address specific types of fall protection equipment and/or procedures that ALL individuals are required to use and follow.
Pier, Abutment & Wall Construction:
During ALL pier, abutment, wall construction where individuals are exposed to a fall hazard greater than six feet, and are not inside the confines of an enclosed scaffolding system with a toprail at approximately 42”, a midrail at approximately 21”, and a toe board, they will use a full body harness with an integrated positioning belt, and shock absorbing lanyards, and maintain a 100% continuous tie-off. Other pieces of fall protection equipment that can assist in controlling a fall are: Rope grabs, retractable lanyards, 11’ personal web retractable lanyards. Note that these items can be suspended from a ½” cable at the top of the form section.
During beam erection, there will be static line systems installed on all beams and piers prior to beams being set. If you are required by the nature of your work to expose yourself to a six foot or greater fall hazard, you will be required to use a full body harness and double locking shock absorbing lanyards and to maintain a 100% continuous tie-off to the installed static line system.
During decking operations, all individuals exposed to a six foot or greater fall hazard shall use a full body harness and double locking shock absorbing lanyards and to maintain a 100% continuous tie-off to the static line system installed.
Manbaskets & Aerial Lifts:
In order to use or ride in a Lunda manbasket or aerial lift, ALL involved individuals must first complete the necessary Lunda training and be certified by Lunda Safety.
Once you have completed the above requirements, you can then operate in a manbasket or aerial lift under the following considerations:
- That a 100% continuous tie-off is maintained throughout the use of the equipment.
- That both feet are in continuous contact with the floor of the basket.
- That ALL operating and maintenance procedures for the piece of equipment you are operating are complied with.
For further assistance/reference, contact Gary Kaas – Lunda Construction Safety
Cofferdams will be equipped with a static line wherever individuals are exposed to a fall hazard greater than six feet. ALL individuals entering the cofferdam will be required to use the static line system in conjunction with their full body harness and two double locking shock-absorbing lanyards to maintain a 100% continuous tie-off. If the cofferdam is deeper than 20'’ Lunda will provide and install a retractable lanyard. ALL individuals entering or exiting the cofferdam will be required to use it.
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Determining Fall Clearance
Open the Fall Clearance PDF in a separate window.
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Personal Fall Arrest System
Open the Personal Fall Arrest System PDF in a separate window.
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Open the Selecting the Proper Ladder PDF in a separate window.
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Open the Scaffold PDF in a separate window.
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According to OSHA, a confined space is a space large enough and shaped in a way that allows an employee to enter and perform assigned work, and that has a limited or restricted means of getting into or out of, and is not designed for continuous occupancy.
Lunda Construction regulates entry into confided spaces on all projects and jobsites and requires employees to be trained in the hazards of confined space entry and Lunda Safe Work Procedures.
OSHA standard 29CFR 1910.146 sets fourth the conditions and basic procedures for permit-required confined space entries. The standard requires Lunda to identify confined spaces and develop a program to train and protect workers authorized to enter them.
Class A – presents a situation that is Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health (IDLH) or that could expose employees to risk of death, incapacitation, acute illness, or limit their ability to escape from the space without assistance. These situations make the confined space to be considered a Class A Permit Requiring Confined Space.
- Examples: levels of flammable gas, vapor, or mist over 10% of the substance’s lower flammable limit, Airborne combustible dusts at high concentrations, atmospheric oxygen concentrations below 19.5% or above 23.5%, or any other atmospheric conditions that endanger the life of health of an employee while in the confined space area.
Class B – provides the potential for an employee engulfment hazard. Examples include but are not limited to: liquids or flowing solids such as water, sand grain, cement, soils. If the conditions of a space contain an engulfment hazard but do not possess the hazardous characteristic of a Class A permit-required confined space it shall be considered a Class B permit-required confined space.
Class C – is a confined space that has an entrapping design and could cause an employee to slip of fall into a space that is too tight to escape from or be forced into adjacent machinery, or only has 1 point of access. All such hazards with this design that do not contain the characteristics of the Class A or Class B permit required confined space shall be considered Class C permit required confined space.
Class D – Non-permit required confined space has 2 or more access points and free of all hazards associated with Class A, Class B or Class C shall be considered non-permit requiring confined spaces.
When dealing with confined spaces the following hazards should be considered as leading to danger: Combustible substances, Heat build-up, Falling object or Falling personnel creating conditions, Asphyxiation, and Noise hazards.
See the Lunda Construction confined space flow chart
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OSHA standard 1926.59 hazard communication was developed to help control chemical exposures on the job. Also known as HAZCOM or Employee Right to Know.
Certain chemicals exhibit physical hazards due to their chemical properties, such substances are divided into the following classes:
- Flammable liquids or solids
- Combustible liquids
- Compressed gases
- Organic peroxide
- Pyrophoric materials (may ignite spontaneously)
- Unstable material
- Water-reactive materials
A Health Hazard chemical is a chemical that may cause acute or chronic health effects after exposure. Acute exposures can cause obvious effects immediately while chronic exposures may not necessarily cause immediate obvious harm of make an employee sick right away. Often times the exposed worker may not notice, see, feel, or smell the danger at all. Examples of health hazards include:
- Carcinogens ( cancer causers)
- Toxic agents
- Reproductive toxins
- Organ-specific agents ( act on specific organs or parts of the body)
The Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) are the cornerstone of the hazard communication program. MSDS’s can play a major role in helping workers stay safe and healthy by knowing what workplace hazards to protect themselves against and how to do so. Information contained in the MSDS’s consist of but are not limited to safe storage, handling considerations, protective practices, and emergency information and practices. The MSDS file can be found in the jobsite trailer or located in the Foreman’s job truck. Lunda hazard communication and MSDS manual is available to ant employee requesting chemical information.
If at any time you can not find the MSDS for a chemical onsite notify your foreman immediately.
Lunda will use the manufacturers labeled containers whenever possible. Transfer form larger labeled containers to smaller will require the use of approved labels, which provide the following information:
- Identification of the hazardous chemical – front and back
- Appropriate hazard warning sighs/required PPE – back
- Telephone number of the manufacturer – front and back
If you have any questions or concerns about HAZMAT, chemical, or MSDS information please contact your foreman, superintendent, or the safety department.
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